Why is SEO Important?
SEO, short for search engine optimization, is a marketing tactic that makes it easier for potential patients to find your website when they search.
Instead of pulling out a phone book and flipping through the yellow pages to find a healthcare provider, your patients are turning to Google or Bing to find doctors.
What’s more, the majority of patients visiting to your website don’t come from paid ads, social media, or referrals. Believe it or not, 80% of internet users–that translates into 93 million Americans–search online for health information.
Sixty-four percent of your potential patients online come from organic search results, meaning they typed a search term into Google, and your website appeared.
This makes SEO the number one driver of new patients for healthcare practices.
What is SEO?
SEO encompasses best practices and tactics that ensure your website is one of the first non-paid listings in the search engine results for health conditions and medical treatment searches related to your specialty.
SEO is not an exact science because each search engine has its own complex algorithm and ranking system. Google, for example, has over 400 ranking factors that their algorithm takes into account before displaying search results to a patient.
These algorithms are not only complex, but often updated. In fact Google has released 6 updates in 2016 alone, a trend that is likely to continue into 2017 and beyond.
This means if your website doesn’t keep-up with the times and continue to comply with the best practices of the day, you could be missing out on patients by maintaining the status quo.
How Search Engines Work
When a potential patient needs to find a doctor to treat their carpal tunnel syndrome, they could type “carpal tunnel treatment” or “wrist special near me” into a search engine such as Google.
When this happens, within milliseconds, they’re presented with a search results page that has listings with hand and wrist specialists located near them.
There’s a lot that goes into all of that, of course.
Originally thought of and modeled based on a traditional card catalog, search engines came about due to the need to provide order to the thousands and now millions of websites that have come about on the Internet.
Search engines use , what can be thought of as “exact match” thinking – they want to find search query results that are the closest match and the most relevant to that user’s search.
To quickly search the billions of pages across the web, search engines use “web crawlers” or “spiders” to capture the content of website and store it in their index.
When a potential patient searches for your specialty or a related condition, the search engine queries its database of websites, using its algorithm to display the relevant web pages for the search.
Pages that score the highest according to the algorithm appear at the top of the search page, while less relevant pages appear at the bottom or on subsequent pages.
Elements of SEO
A website that is optimized for search engines makes it easy for the search engine spiders to understand what your website is all about and for patients to find you.
Good SEO requires focused efforts on three different elements: off-site SEO, on-site SEO, and technical SEO.
Off-site SEO focuses on improving the search engine ranking factors that are not directly associated with your website.
Search engines use factors such as links to practice’s website from other websites, listings of your practice on online directories, and reviews on profiles such as Google My Business to determine and validate that a website is reputable.
In a search engines eyes, if a lot of popular websites link to your practice website, you have accurate practice directory listings, and a high volume of reviews, they will distinguish your practice as a place that a patient would want to find you and use your services.
This makes third party links, listings (citations) and reviews the three most important factors for good off-site SEO.
Engaging in marketing activities such as blogging and social media have a positive effective on your SEO as these efforts often result in others linking back to your website. Don’t forget to request clubs, community and professional associations you are a member or donate to, to list your practice’s website on their website – while these opportunities provide good offline exposure and community goodwill, these organizations have websites that can link to you too!
Claiming and updating all of your online professionals profiles – beyond just Healthgrades and Yelp – ensures accurate information is listed on your profile and will provide you with additional links that will help your website rankings improve.
In addition, consistently soliciting reviews from patients will signal to Google and other search engines that you’re popular with patients and should appear highly for searches.
Remember that not all links are created equal – you can buy links from spammy sites, but search engines will actually lower your rankings or even blacklist your site if you have too many suspicious backlinks.
Good off-site SEO takes time and patience as you build links from credible sources.
On-site SEO focuses on improving aspects of your website, mainly the contents of your website and the individual pages.
On-site SEO efforts start with keyword research, which determines what search phrases patients in your area are using to find practice’s like yours. Since search phrases and volumes vary by geography and specialty, this is a best practice that cannot be forgotten.
If you don’t have pages targeting the search phrases patients are entering into Google, it’s highly likely you will not appear.
In general, healthcare and medical websites should have a homepage that targets your core search phrase (I.E. “Dermatologist in Buffalo”), a bio page that targets the provider’s name (I.E. “Dr. Michael E. Mustache”) and a page for every condition treated, as well as, every treatment offered.
Those pages should be written for the patient, but also have the search phrase (words that patients use to search for a healthcare provider) used throughout the page, so that search engines understand the page is about the search phrase topic.
Search engines like Google also love authoritative content that explores topics at depth, so don’t be stingy with showing you’re a leader in your field. While you don’t want to bore your patients, you do want them to be fairly well educated, so try make each page on your website 750 – 1000 words in length.
Another key to good on-site SEO is to consistently post fresh content. Whether that’s by updating existing pages with content (such as videos, infographics and images), or adding educational blog posts that speak to news, trends and other regionally or even seasonally relevant items.
Finally, as Google and other search engines focus on showing patients search results that include practice websites located close to them, including your Name, Address and Phone number on every page ensures search engines know your local focus.
Good on-site SEO, just like good off-site SEO also takes time. Unless you’re an accomplished writer and don’t mind cranking out a 1,000 words per day!
Technical SEO includes all of the “hidden” search engine ranking elements and most often requires knowledge of website development to ensure adherence to best-practice and correct any issues.
Technical SEO efforts ensures your website is fast-loading, coded using best practices and is easy for search engine spiders to scan and include it in its search index. Making it easy for patients and search engine spiders to use your website is a big key to SEO success.
As devices, internet speeds, and patients get faster, search engines need your website to keep up.
Patients attentions spans are shorter than ever and they have no time to wait for a slow loading website – or one that’s not built to look great on their mobile phone. That means if you haven’t updated or rebuilt your website in the past couple of years, your competitors who have are likely getting a boost in their rankings from Google.
Using tools like Google Webmaster can help you diagnose technical errors and create a site index, so you can ensure your website has the best chances of being seen. There are also a number of other tools that you can use to see how fast your website loads and what can be done to make it work faster.
You can always just do it yourself, as well.
Put yourself in your patient’s shoes – pull out your mobile, Google your specialty (or your practice) and see if you like what you see.
Did you show up in the search results? How long did it take for your website to load? Is your website mobile-friendly or responsive?
If you’re not sure or not happy with what you find you probably have a technical SEO issue that needs correcting.
SEO Ranking Factors
Search engine optimization is a continually changing field.
What works today may not work tomorrow; Google and Bing regularly change their search algorithms. Each search engine has many factors that affect search rankings (Google has around 200), but each is weighted differently, and those weights can change.
To date, however, links and content are the most important SEO ranking factors:
Total number of unique domains linking to your website
As a way of verifying your website’s credibility, search engines like to see a large number of unique domains linking to your website from other websites that they already deem authoritative and trustworthy.
The more specific the website is to your specialty, trustworthy and popular (say, The Wall Street Journal vs. a personal blog), the more valuable the link. The more valuable links you get, the more of a positive effect it will have on your search engine rankings.
Total number of links to your website
In addition to the number of unique domains linking to your website, you also want a high quantity of backlinks to your website.
Google ranks websites according to the quality of their links as well as the quantity of links. If you’re in a small town or just getting started with your SEO efforts, focus on creating good content, sharing that content, and asking friendlies to share and link to your content.
Increasing your link volume comes with time and consistent efforts!
Keyword usage and on-page content
In the early days of SEO, experts advised keyword stuffing a page – literally using the search phrase over and over again on the page would be enough to rank highly.
Back then, search algorithms weren’t as advanced as they are today, so as long as your content had plenty of keywords, quality didn’t matter.
Today, algorithms have gotten smarter and while they still look to the Page Title to determine what the page is all about, they now rate you for the quality of your content. This means search engines are tracking things such as page length, external links (links to other sites), how long a patient stay on the page and whether patient goes to other pages on the site or leaves after just one page view.
The best way to ensure you’ve got high quality content that delights patients is to write for your audience rather than a search engine. Using keyword research in addition to a relevant page ensures Google can match the content to a search query from the start, but to be successful you must make sure your content is well-written and engaging for patients.
Google My Business
Over the last few years, Google has placed increasing emphasis on local search results, as over 85% of Google’s daily search traffic comes from local searches. This trend has lead Google to develop the local 3-pack search, a map and list of three providers, located below paid advertisements and above the traditional organic search results.
Today, when you conduct a search from your desktop or mobile for a healthcare provider, you are likely to see these local 3-pack search results, making them an important part of successful SEO efforts for practices.
Unlike organic search results which take into account ranking factors for your website, appearing on the map and in one of top three slots requires a Google My Business profile and efforts to enhance its relevance to patient searches.
You should first look to see if you have claimed and enhanced your Google My Business profile, then move on to enhancing the profile with proper business category, description, hours and photos. Once completed, encouraging patients to leave reviews after their visit will help you make the most of your efforts.
Optimizing Your Healthcare Website
Optimizing a website takes time and patience. New traffic won’t necessarily flow in overnight, even if you make the right changes now.
Here are the most effective ways to optimize your website:
You could guess what keywords your patients might be searching for, or you could use a tool like Google Keyword Planner to find what they are actually searching for. For starters, check out the five surprising search terms you should be targeting.
Claim Your Website on Google Webmaster Central
When you claim your website on Google Webmaster Central, you can submit a sitemap and a robots file so Google can easily crawl and search your site. Webmaster also checks for technical errors like site speed and provides instructions on how to fix them.
Claim Your Google My Business Profile
Most of your patients will likely come from your local region. To attract those patients, it’s important to claim and optimize your Google My Business profile.
Targeted Page Titles
Each page title on your website should target exact search phrases you would like to rank highly for. For instance, if want to reach patients who need a hip replacement, instead of writing content titled “5 Ways To Relieve Hip Pain,” write a post titled “5 Ways Hip Replacement Surgery Can Relieve Hip Pain.”
Pages for Every Condition and Treatment
Every condition you treat and every treatment you offer should have a dedicated page on your website. Each page should contain high quality content with about 650 to 1000 words that your patients can benefit from.
Solicit Credible Links
Instead of buying spammy links, ask your network to link back to your site. Good backlinks to have are ones from any medical associations you’re a part of, any health networks you work with, and any partners you have.
Create and Share New Content
Search engines like to see fresh content on your website. Create a strategy to continually generate new content. And, as always, share that content on your social media pages.